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Spine

Spine Anatomy

Cervical Spine Anatomy

Cervical Spine Anatomy

Cervical radiculopathy refers to a dysfunction of a nerve root caused by injury or compression of a spinal nerve root in the neck. On the other hand, cervical myelopathy refers to compression of the spinal cord within the neck.

Thoracic Spine Anatomy

Thoracic Spine Anatomy

A thoracic or lumbar fracture is associated with moderate to severe back pain. Fractures of the vertebral column may be associated with injury to the underlying spinal cord, causing pain, tingling sensation, numbness, weakness, and bowel and bladder dysfunction.

Lumbar Spine Anatomy

Lumbar Spine Anatomy

Back pain is a common condition affecting approximately 80% of the population at some point in their lives. The area usually affected is the lower back (lumbar region) as it bears most of the upper body’s weight. Pain in the lower back may sometimes radiate to the legs.

Conditions

Herniated Disc

Herniated Disc

A herniated disc is sometimes referred to as a slipped disc or a ruptured disc. It is often the result of an injury or trauma to the spine.

Bulging Disc

Bulging Disc

A bulging disc is a condition related to the spine, usually the lower back, occurring when a disc bulges through a crevice in the spine. It happens when the disc shifts out of its normal radius and most often occurs simply as a result of age.

Degenerative Disc

Degenerative Disc

Degenerative disc disease is not really a disease, but a term used to describe the normal changes in your spinal discs as you age.

Spinal Arthritis

Spinal Arthritis

Arthritis can affect any part of the body, even the spine. It occurs when the cartilage in the joints is worn down as a result of wear and tear, aging, injury or misuse.

Bone Spurs

Bone Spurs

Bone spurs, also called osteophytes, are bony projections that develop along the edges of a bone or in the area where muscles, tendons, and ligaments are attached. Bone spurs are often found in joints and also in the bones of the spine.

Facet Disease

Facet Disease

The facet joints are the joint structures that connect the vertebrae to one another. Facet disease occurs when there is degeneration of the facet joint.

Pinched Nerve

Pinched Nerve

A pinched nerve occurs when too much pressure is applied to a nerve by surrounding tissues such as bone spurs, disc herniation and ligaments.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of one or more areas in your spine, most often in your upper or lower back. This narrowing can put pressure on your spinal cord or on the nerves that branch out from the compressed areas.

Sciatica

Sciatica

Sciatica refers to pain that radiates along the path of the sciatic nerve from your back down your buttock and leg. Sciatica is a set of symptoms that signals another problem involving the nerve, such as a herniated disc.

Procedures

Spinal Decompression

Spinal Decompression

Spinal decompression is treatment to relieve pressure on one or many “pinched nerves” of the spinal column. It can be achieved either surgically or by non-surgical methods. It is used to treat conditions which cause chronic backache such as herniated disc, disc bulge, sciatica and spinal stenosis.

Lumbar Diskectomy

Lumbar Diskectomy

The lower back or lumbar region is often the site of pain due to its high mobility and weight-bearing. Spongy disks present between the vertebral bones of the spine help cushion the spine during stress and movement. These intervertebral disks in the lumbar region may undergo damage due to stress, causing them to herniate or rupture, and compress adjacent spinal nerves.

Microdiscectomy

Microdiscectomy

The spine is made up of small bony segments called vertebrae. These vertebrae are categorized into cervical or neck vertebrae, thoracic or upper back vertebrae, lumbar or lower back vertebrae and the sacrum within the pelvis. A cylindrical bundle of nerve fibers called the spinal cord passes through the entire vertebral column and branches out to the various parts of our body.

Laminectomy

Laminectomy

Degeneration of the facet joints and intervertebral disks results in the narrowing of the spinal canal, known as spinal stenosis. In addition, the arthritic facet joints become bulkier and consume the space available for the nerve roots. Besides, bony outgrowths, also known as bone spurs or bone osteophytes can also narrow the spinal canal.

Lumbar Facetectomy

Lumbar Facetectomy

The vertebrae (spinal bones) have openings known as neuroforamen on either side for the passage of spinal nerves. The neuroforamen are surrounded by tiny joints known as facet joints, present in pairs at the back of each vertebra, which connect and stabilize them together.

Spinal Fusion

Spinal Fusion

Spinal fusion is the surgical technique of combining two or more vertebrae. Fusion of the vertebrae involves insertion of secondary bone tissue obtained either through auto graft (tissues from the same patient) or allograft (tissues from another person) to augment the bone healing process.

Artificial Cervical Disk Replacement

Artificial Cervical Disk Replacement

Disk degeneration reduces the height of the Disk and may cause a Herniated Disk. The vertebrae of the backbone are cushioned by intervertebral Disks that act as shock-absorbers and allow frictionless movement of your back. It is made up of a soft gel-like center called the nucleus pulposus that is surrounded by a tough outer ring of annulus fibrosus.

Thoracic Vertebroplasty

Thoracic Vertebroplasty

Osteoporosis is a “silent” disease characterized by weakening of bones, making them more susceptible to fractures (vertebral compression fractures), typically in the hip and spine. Vertebral compression fractures can also occur with a metastatic tumor, multiple myeloma, and vertebral hemangioma.

Kyphoplasty

Kyphoplasty

Osteoporosis (bone disease) is the primary cause of vertebral compression fractures. Other causes include trauma such as a fall or motor vehicle accident and some types of cancers affecting the spinal vertebrae.

  • Texas Orthopedic Hospital
  • Fondern orthopedic group LLP
  • Spine Interventional Society